The infographic above is mostly based on Turner’s practical guide, but the other sources give similar information. I liked the title of the article because it indicated that it is a guide for “novice” investigators!
Farber discussed another significant piece of the interview process that can be categorized as observations which can include studying personal documents or official documents. Personal documents can include letters, drawings, journals, photo albums, and videos. Official documents can include files, yearbooks, employee policy manuals, academic calendars, student handbooks, memos, newsletters, and organizational Web sites. (2006) These are valid artifacts that can be shared in an interview, but depending on your overall goal, they may not be necessary, therefore I did not include it in the graphic above.
Merriam and Tisdell describes the six types of questions, which are very informative and specific. (2015)
- Experience and behavior questions
- Opinion and values questions
- Feeling questions
- Knowledge questions
- Sensory questions
- Background/demographic questions
I feel these can outline all the types of questions you can ask of an interviewee to gather data. Again, I didn’t include these in the graphic above since the goal was to describe how the interview should be conducted.
Farber, Nancy K. (2006) Conducting Qualitative Research: A Practical Guide for School Counselors. ASCA Professional School Counseling. June 2006, p. 367-375
Merriam, Sharan; Tisdell, Elizabeth J. (2015) Qualitative Research: A Guide to Design and Implementation. 4th Edition. [Kindle Edition]
Turner, D. W. (2010). Qualitative Interview Design: A Practical Guide for Novice Investigators.The Qualitative Report, Vol. 15, Number 3, p. 754-760. Retrieved from http://nsuworks.nova.edu/tqr/vol15/iss3/19